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At the end of the 20th century and due to climate change, avant-garde architects and engineers have had to adapt to the new times by developing a new architectural style called sustainable, green, ecological or sustainable architecture, eco-tech (ecological technology). The new regulations in criteria of energy eco-efficiency of buildings now obliges us to build greener and more sustainable buildings to take advantage of all natural resources while respecting the environment that surrounds us.

Intelligent façades that protect the interior of buildings from solar radiation with the consequent energy savings in air conditioning, photovoltaic panels, wind turbines generating electricity, large green areas that renew the urban fabric or rain collection, etc, without lose the totally free creative style of each architect, are getting to renew and beautify the cities around the world respecting nature, mother and teacher.

Very good examples of new green architecture built in this 21st century are the Hearst Tower by Norman Foster in New York, the Media-TIC Building in Barcelona, ​​design by Enric Ruiz Geli, or the Agbar Tower by Jean Nouvel in the same city. Do not forget the pioneer World Trade Center of Bahrain design of Atkins, which became the first project in the world to use wind turbines generating electricity; also the O-14 of Dubai, which through the innovative double skin formed by a perforated concrete exoskeleton achieves a chimney effect with which an important energy saving is achieved inside the building; all of them are undoubtedly great examples to follow by other architects and engineers from around the world.

In the 21st century, contemporary architects already consecrated and assigned to different stylistic trends such as Frank Gehry, Norman Foster, Santiago Calatrava, Toyo Ito, Zaha Hadid, Renzo Piano, Rem Koolhaas, Jean Nouvel, Richard Rodgers or Herzog & de Meuron, among many others, surprise us every year with new modern and innovative proposals. True architectural icons of undoubted value that, without renouncing sustainability, manage to give their own identity to the places where they are built.

The new hybrid contributions (mixed use works), both horizontal and vertical (Tall Buildings and Skyscrapers), increasingly present in the cities, while providing modernity and progress towards the future, greatly improve the quality of life of the people and are very positive to continue on the road towards the XXII century. The works of this important directory are ordered in chronological order in time.

The Tower
Dubai Creek Harbour, Dubai, UAE
Santiago Calatrava

Elbphilharmonie Hamburg
Hafencity, Hamburg, Germany
Herzog & de Meuron

The Chicago Spire
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Santiago Calatrava

The Mirvish/Gehry Project
Toronto, Ontario, Canadá
Frank Gehry

The Kingdom Tower
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill

Hermitage Plaza
La Defense, Paris, France
Foster + Partners

China Comic & Animation Museum
Hangzhou, China

The New World Trade Center
Manhattan, New York City, USA
SOM, Foster, Rodgers, Fumihiko Maki
and Santiago Calatrava

One World Trade Center
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP

Doha Tower-Burj Qatar
Doha, Qatar
Ateliers Jean Nouvel

Riviera TwinStar Square
Pudong, Shanghai, China

The Shard - London Bridge Quarter
London, United Kingdom
Renzo Piano Building Workshop

KK100 Development
Shenzhen, China
TFP Farrells

Eight Spruce Street
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Gehry Partners LLP

Pasarela de la Arganzuela
Madrid, Spain
Dominique Perrault

Museo Soumaya
Mexico D.F.
LAR Fernando Romero

Torre Diagonal ZeroZero
Barcelona, Spain
EMBA Arquitectos

Guangzhou International Finance Centre
Guangzhou, China
Wilkinson Eyre Architects

UK Pavilion
Shanghai Expo 2010, China
Heatherwick Studio

Porta Fira Towers
Barcelona, Spain
Toyo Ito & Associates

Dubai, UAE United Arab Emirates

Media-TIC Building
Barcelona, Spain
Enric Ruiz-Geli, Cloud 9

Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai)
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SOM

Aqua Tower
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Studio Gang Architects

Trump Chicago Tower
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, SOM

One Bryan Park -
Bank of America Tower

Manhattan, New York, USA
Cook+Fox Architecs LLP

Suites Avenue Building
Barcelona, Spain
Toyo Ito & Associates

The Red Apple
Rotterdam, Holland
KCAP Architects & Planners

Cocoon Tower
Tokio, Japan
Tange Associates

City of Justice
Barcelona, Spain
David Chipperfield

Diagonal 197@
Barcelona, Spain
David Chipperfield Architects

Megyeri Bridge
Budapest, Hungary
Mátyás Hunyadi

Bahrain World Trade Center
WS Atkins & Partners

Distrito C de Telefónica
Madrid, Spain
Rafael de La-Hoz

Maggie's Centre
London, United Kingdom
Rogers Stirk Harbour & Partners

Shanghai World Financial Center
Shanghai, China
Kohn Pedersen Fox & Associates

The IAC Building
New York City, USA
Gehry Partners LLP

The New York Times Building
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Renzo Piano Building Workshop

Reggio Emilia Bridges
Mancasale, Bolonia, Italia
Santiago Calatrava

Mallorca, Islas Baleares, Spain
Santiago Calatrava

Third Millenium Ebro River Bridge
Zaragoza, Spain
Juan José Arenas de Pablo (Arenas y Asociados)

Rose Rayhaan by Rotana
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Khatib & Alami

Hotel Marqués de Riscal
El Ciego, Álava, Spain
Gehry Partners LLP

Hearst Tower
Manhattan, New York, USA
Foster + Partners

Hesperia Tower Hotel
L'Hospitalet, Barcelona, Spain
Richard Rogers Partnership

Gas Natural Office Building
Barcelona, Spain

Valencia Opera House
City of Arts and Sciences
Valencia, Spain
Santiago Calatrava

Agbar Tower
Barcelona, Spain
Jean Nouvel

Hotel Silken Puerta América
Madrid, Spain
Jean Nouvel & others

Woermann Tower
Las Palmas, Canary Island, Spain
Ábalos & Herreros

HSB Turning Torso
Malmo, Sweden
Santiago Calatrava

MAGMA Arte & Congresos
Adeje, Tenerife, Spain
AMP Arquitectos

Moor House
London, United Kingdom
Foster + Partners

Spinnaker Tower
Portsmouth, Hampshire, England
HGP Architects

30 St. Mary Axe
London, United Kingdom
Foster + Partners

Forum Barcelona Building
Barcelona, Spain
Herzog & de Meuron

BP Bridge
Jay Pritzker Pavilion, Millenium Park, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Gehry Partners LLP

Sundial Bridge
Redding, California, USA
Santiago Calatrava

Taipei 101
Taipei, Taiwan
C. Y. Lee & Partners

Harilaos Trikoupis Bridge
Athens, Greece
B. Mikaelian, VINCI & Others

Millau Viaduct
Aveyron, France
Foster + Partners and
Michel Virlogeux

Seri Wawasan Bridge
Putrajaya, Malaysia
Michael Yomout (PJSI)

Laban Centre
London, United Kingdom
Herzog & de Meuron

Selfridges Departament Store
Birmingham, United Kingdom
Future Systems

Tenerife Concert Hall
Santa Cruz de Tenerife,
Canary Island, Spain
Santiago Calatrava

Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge
Brasilia, Brasil
Alexander Chan

Kingdom Centre
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Ellerbe Becket & Omrania

City Hall
London, United Kingdom
Foster + Partners

Espirito Santo Plaza
Miami, Florida, USA
KPF Kohn Perdersen Fox

Puente de la Mujer
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Santiago Calatrava

Sendai Mediatheque
Sendai, Japan
Toyo Ito & Associates

Milwaukee Art Museum
Wisconsin, USA
Santiago Calatrava

Gateshead Millenium Bridge
Newscastle, England
Wilkinson Eyre Architecs

Winery Ysios
Laguardia, Álava, Spain
Santiago Calatrava

Millenium Bridge
London, United Kingdom
Foster + Partners

Airport Sondica
Bilbao, Spain
Santiago Calatrava

City of Arts and Sciences
Valencia, Spain
Santiago Calatrava

References / Referencias

The Urban Towers Handbook
John Wiley&Sons, London, 2011
by Eric Firley and Julie Gimbal

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TURNING TORSO - Santiago Calatrava
Bellisco Ediciones, Madrid, 2008
by José Miguel Hernández Hernández
Español - English

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