Detail Porta Fira Hotel, Barcelona


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With the Arts and Crafts Movement in the late XIX, whose founder was the Englishman William Morris (1834-1896), a new organic architecture inspired by nature which became the prelude of Modernism or Art Nouveau , a typically urban and bourgeois who had different definitions in relation to the countries where it originated, was called Art Nouveau in Belgium and France, Sezessionstil in Austria, Liberty in England, FLOREALE in Italy, Art Nouveau Jugendstil in Germany and Spain. Straddling the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (1890-1910), modernist architecture represents the transition between the nineteenth-century architecture, neighborhoods, separating social classes-with twentieth century architecture. The modernist style was based on the inspiration of nature, flora and fauna, in the pursuit of art through all the crafts as a means of artistic expression to try to get the "total work of art". The floral and plant with its characteristic curves and the introduction of wrought iron architectural beautiful scenery created throughout Europe and the United States.

This naturalistic concept, but somewhat more abstract, was later adopted by the architect Antoni Gaudí and teacher (1852-1926), "the builder of the 900"-as called himself Le Corbusier, who greatly exceeding style Gothic became the greatest exponent of Catalan Modernism, leaving an architectural legacy with such notable works as La Sagrada Familia, Casa Batllo, Casa Mila (La Pedrera) and Park Guell, all located in the city of Barcelona; also the great American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, author of the Solomon R. Guggenheim New York, who designed many private residences that successfully integrated in an outstanding natural setting more immediate, such as the Kaufmann Residence, known worldwide as Fallingwater or Fallingwater House.

Some years later and fleeing of the "modern movement", also known as the Bauhaus, which greatly influenced the twentieth-century architecture, the great Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer (1907-2012) will be the precursor of a new postmodern architecture inspired in nature and the human body with complete freedom of creation, whose work will significantly influence other important companions profession as Norman Foster, Frank Gehry or Santiago Calatrava, among many others. Leading contemporary architects as Frank Gehry, Santiago Calatrava Toyo Ito or seek patterns in nature and the human body for inspiration in his new works: trees, plants, ocean waves, the curvature of the mountains, the winding course of the rivers, animals, fish, etc., are matters with which these architects get inspired by his work, surprising each year with new modern and innovative proposals.

There are many good examples of new organic architecture inspired by nature which we can admire in all its splendor. To mention some of them, I have always in mind the shop Tod's Omotesando in Tokyo, designed by Toyo Ito,-which reflects a clear architecture tree in the front, and on the pillars irregular inspired by seaweed and the tree trunks that support the floors of the Sendai Mediatheque in Japan, also the Auditorium of Tenerife, which is inspired by a breaking wave, the Opera House of Valencia, inspired by a huge whale comes to the surface to breathe , or the Turning Torso in Malmo, masterfully mimics the motion of a human torso rotation, all works of Santiago Calatrava, also surround the Great Almacences Selfridges of Birmingham, one of the finest examples of architecture blobitecture or blob, designed by Future Systems, which is inspired by the shape of the amoeba (microorganisms and cell units).

In order to expand the information and knowledge of architectural curiosities of works contained in this important list, I have decided to add the metaphor used by architects in each to make it interesting as a scientific work. Likewise, you should also know that the work of this important directory are arranged chronologically in time. However, Gaudí used to say, "the architect of the future will be based on the imitation of nature, because it is the most rational, durable and economical of all methods."

World Trade Center
Transportation Hub

Manhattan, New York City, USA
Santiago Calatrava
White dove takes flight
symbolic gesture victims 11S

KK100 Development
Shenzhen, China
TFP Farrells
Water fountain feng-shui

Museo Soumaya
Mexico D.F.
LAR Fernando Romero
Organic skin

UK Pavilion
Shanghai Expo 2010, China
Heatherwick Studio
Seed Cathedral

Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai)
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Adrian Smith (SOM)
Metaphor desert flower

Media-TIC Building
Barcelona, Spain
Enric Ruiz-Geli, Cloud 9
"La Pedrera Digital"
It is powered by solar energy

Torre Diagonal ZeroZero
Barcelona, Spain
EMBA Arquitectos
Facade arborescent

Porta Fira Towers
Barcelona, Spain
Toyo Ito & Associates
Tree Trunk (Red Hotel)
Hotel reflected in the other tower

Aqua Tower
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Studio Gang Architects
Simulates water in the façade

Suites Avenue Building
Barcelona, Spain
Toyo Ito & Associates
Ocean waves

Cocoon Tower
Tokio, Japan
Tange Associates
Cocoon (Egg)

Rose Rayhaan by Rotana
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Khatib & Alami
Suites with names of flowers
(Coronation Rose)

The Chicago Spire
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Santiago Calatrava
Shell of nature

Mallorca, Islas Baleares, Spain
Santiago Calatrava
Human torso sitting
trying to stand

Valencia Opera House
City of Arts and Sciences
Valencia, Spain
Santiago Calatrava
Whale comes out

HSB Turning Torso
Malmo, Sweden
Santiago Calatrava
Human torso rotating

MAGMA Arte & Congresos
Adeje, Tenerife, Spain
AMP Arquitectos
Ocean waves

Agbar Tower
Barcelona, Spain
Jean Nouvel
Pressure geyser (Water)
Mountains of Montserrat

BP Bridge
Jay Pritzker Pavilion, Millenium Park, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Gehry Partners LLP

Selfridges Departament Store
Birmingham, United Kingdom
Future Systems

Tenerife Concert Hall
Santa Cruz de Tenerife,
Canary Island, Spain
Santiago Calatrava
Breaking wave

Milwaukee Art Museum
Wisconsin, USA
Santiago Calatrava
Anthropomorphic bird (wings)

Airport Sondica
Bilbao, Spain
Santiago Calatrava
The Dove

Sendai Mediatheque
Sendai, Japan
Toyo Ito & Associates
Pillars arborescent
seaweed also

Winery Ysios
Laguardia, Álava, Spain
Santiago Calatrava
Marine waves

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Bilbao, Spain
Gehry Partners LLP
Pieces of titanium in the facade
simulating a fish flakes

MAC-Museum of Contemporary Art
Niterói, Brasil
Oscar Niemeyer
Metaphor of a flower

Weisman Art Museum
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
Frank O. Gehry
Facade metaphor waterfall with fish

Barcelona, Spain
Gehry Partners LLP
Simulates the shape of a fish

Bank of China Tower
Hong Kong, China
Pei Cobb Freed & Partners
Bamboo leaves (feng-shui)

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