ARCHITECTURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY /
ARQUITECTURA DEL SIGLO XX





A caballo entre finales del siglo IXX y principios del siglo XX, la arquitectura modernista inspirada en las formas orgánicas de la naturaleza con Antoni Gaudí como figura más destacada, irrumpe en un importantísimo siglo en cuanto a la arquitectura se refiere, en el que surgirán otros estilos arquitectónicos relevantes, cuyos arquitectos más destacados serán, Mies Van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, Frank Gehry, Norman Foster o Santiago Calatrava, entre otros.

Movimientos como el Modernismo, La Bauhaus, el Art Decó, la Arquitectura Orgánica o el Estilo Internacional, dejarán paso a estilos más modernos como el High-tech, el Postmodernismo o el Deconstructivismo, en la carrera hacia el siglo XXI. A finales del siglo XX y debido al cambio climático, el arquitecto y el ingeniero de vanguardia han tenido que irse adaptando a los nuevos tiempos desarrollando un nuevo estilo arquitectónico denominado Arquitectura Sustentable, verde, ecológica o sostenible, Eco-tech (Tecnología Ecológica).


Straddling IXX late and early twentieth century, modernist architecture inspired by organic forms of nature with Antoni Gaudí as a leading figure breaks into an important century in terms of architecture is concerned, in which arise other relevant architectural styles, which are leading architects, Mies Van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, Frank Gehry, Norman Foster and Santiago Calatrava, among others.

Movements such as Modernism, Bauhaus, Art Deco, Organic architecture or the International Style, will give way to more modern styles such as High-tech, Deconstructivism or Postmodernism, in the race for the XXI century. In the late twentieth century due to climate change, the architect and engineer have had to go forefront adapting to changing times by developing a new architectural style called Sustainable Architecture, green, ecological, Eco-tech (Green Technology).









Valencia Opera House
City of Arts and Sciences
Valencia, Spain
Santiago Calatrava





MAGMA Arte & Congresos
Adeje, Tenerife, Spain
AMP Arquitectos






Tenerife Concert Hall
Santa Cruz de Tenerife,
Canary Island, Spain
Santiago Calatrava




Kingdom Centre
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Ellerbe Becket & Omrania




City Hall
London, United Kingdom
Foster + Partners





Espirito Santo Plaza
Miami, Florida, USA
KPF Kohn Pedersen Fox




Puente de la Mujer
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Santiago Calatrava





Sendai Mediatheque
Sendai, Japan
Toyo Ito & Associates






Milwaukee Art Museum
Wisconsin, USA
Santiago Calatrava




Gateshead Millenium Bridge
Newscastle, England
Wilkinson Eyre Architecs



Winery Ysios
Laguardia, Álava, Spain
Santiago Calatrava




Millenium Bridge
London, United Kingdom
Foster + Partners



Airport Sondica
Bilbao, Spain
Santiago Calatrava




Burj Al Arab
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Tom Willis Wright (Atkins)




Canary Wharf Underground Station
London, United Kingdom
Foster + Partners







City of Arts and Sciences
Valencia, Spain
Santiago Calatrava





Campo Volantin Footbridge
Bilbao, Spain
Santiago Calatrava




Petronas Towers
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Cesar Pelli & Associates




Tuntex Sky Tower
Kaohsiung, Taiwan
C. Y Lee & Partners




Humber River Bridge
Toronto, Canadá
Montgomery & Sisam






Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Bilbao, Spain
Gehry Partners LLP




The Dancing House
Prague, Czech Republic
Gehry Partners LLP





MAC-Museum of Contemporary Art
Niterói, Brasil
Oscar Niemeyer





Erasmus Bridge
Rotterdam, Holland
Ben van Berkel





Fish
Barcelona, Spain
Gehry Partners LLP




Weisman Art Museum
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
Frank O. Gehry







Montjuic Communications Tower
Barcelona, Spain
Santiago Calatrava






Puente del Alamillo
Sevilla, Andalucía, Spain
Santiago Calatrava







Bank of China Tower
Hong Kong, China
Pei Cobb Freed & Partners




Barqueta Bridge
Sevilla, Andalusia, Spain
Juan José Arenas de Pablo







Bach de Roda Bridge
Barcelona, Spain
Santiago Calatrava







Miami Tower
Downtown Miami, Florida, USA
Pei Cobb Freed & Partners






Fountain Place
Dallas, Texas, USA
Pei Cobb Freed & Partners





The Atlantis Condominiums
Miami, Florida, USA
Arquitectonica






Citicorp Center
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Stubbins Associates;
Emery Roth & Sons











CN Tower
Toronto, Ontario, Canadá
John Andrews & WZMH Architects






Pennzoil Place
Houston, Texas, USA
Philip Johnson/John Burgee






Willis Tower (Sears Tower)
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SOM




The World Trade Center
Manhattan, New York, USA
Minoru Yamasaki & Associates




SNP Bridge-Novy Most
Bratislava, Slovakia
Jozef Lacko




Sydney Opera House
Sydney, Australia
Jorn Utzon










Transamerica Pyramid
San Francisco, California, USA
William L. Pereira & Associates




John Hancock Center
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SOM





Lake Point Tower
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Schipporeit & Heinrich




The Gateway Arch
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Eero Saarinen




Space Needle
Seattle, Washington, USA
John Graham & Associates






Marina City
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Bertrand Goldberg







Torres de Satélite
Ciudad Satélite, Naucalpan, México
Luis Barragán-Mathias Goeritz






Seagram Building
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Mies van der Rohe






Delano Hotel
Miami Beach, Florida, USA
Robert Swartburg;
Philippe Starck (Interior)




Mount Rushmore National Memorial
Pennington, South Dakota, USA
Gutzon Borglum







Fallingwater
Pennsylvania, USA
Frank LLoyd Wright






The Endless Column
Târgu Jiu, Romania
Constantin Brancusi




Golden Gate Bridge
San Francisco, California, USA
Joseph B. Strauss & others






American International Building
Manhattan, New York City
Clinton and Russell; Holton & George





Christ the Redeemer
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Various Artists






Empire State Building
Manhattan, New York City
Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates







570 Lexington Avenue
Manhattan, New York
Cross & Cross






Chrysler Building
Manhattan, New York, USA
William van Alen







Woolworth Building
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Cass Gilbert









Casa Milá (La Pedrera)
Barcelona, Spain
Antoni Gaudí






Flatiron Building
Manhattan, New York, USA
Daniel Burnham









References / Referencias


The Urban Towers Handbook
John Wiley&Sons, London, 2011
by Eric Firley and Julie Gimbal
English

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