AIA 150 ARQUITECTURA FAVORITA AMERICANA




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Aquí se muestran algunas de las obras que forman parte de una importantísima lista elaborada por el prestigioso AIA Instituto Americano de Arquitectos, en la que se recogen los 150 edificios más queridos y representativos de la Arquitectura Americana; el famoso edificio Empire State, que se erigió durante la Gran Depresión en poco más de un año en la carrera por construir el Rascacielos más alto del mundo junto al Edificio Chrysler, entre otros, figura el primero de la lista.

Sorprende en gran medida que edificios como el John Hancock Center de Chicago, obra de Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SOM, o el famoso Edificio Seagram de Nueva York, diseño de Mies Van der Rohe, verdaderos símbolos del Estilo Internacional, de la Segunda Escuela de Chicago, a pesar de su importancia en la historia de la Arquitectura del siglo XX no figuren en esta destacada lista de la Arquitectura Favorita Americana, AIA 150.



AMERICA'S FAVORITE ARCHITECTURE
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CHICAGO






Willis Tower (Sears Tower)
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SOM





Lake Point Tower
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Schipporeit & Heinrich





HOUSTON






Pennzoil Place
Houston, Texas, USA
Philip Johnson/John Burgee







MIAMI






Delano Hotel
Miami Beach, Florida, USA
Robert Swartburg;
Philippe Starck (interior)






MILWAUKEE



Milwaukee Art Museum
Wisconsin, USA
Eero Saarinen
Addition: David Kahler
Quadracci Pavilion:
Santiago Calatrava




MINNEAPOLIS




Weisman Art Museum
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
Frank O. Gehry





NEW YORK CITY






The New York Times Building
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Renzo Piano Building Workshop




Hearst Tower
Manhattan, New York, USA
George P. Post & Sons
Adittion: Foster + Partners







Citicorp Center
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Stubbins Associates;
Emery Roth & Sons





The World Trade Center
Manhattan, New York, USA
Minoru Yamasaki & Associates






Empire State Building
Manhattan, New York City
Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates






Chrysler Building
Manhattan, New York, USA
William van Alen







Woolworth Building
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Cass Gilbert






Flatiron Building
Manhattan, New York, USA
Daniel Burnham




Brooklyn Bridge
Manhattan, New York, USA
John Augustus Roebling





PENNSYLVANIA






Fallingwater
Pennsylvania, USA
Frank LLoyd Wright








SAN FRANCISCO






Transamerica Pyramid
San Francisco, California, USA
William L. Pereira & Associates




Golden Gate Bridge
San Francisco, California, USA
Joseph B. Strauss & others






ST. LOUIS




The Gateway Arch
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Eero Saarinen






WASHINGTON






Washington Monument
Washington D.C., USA
Robert Mills









The AIA 150: America's Favorite Architecture List

  1 - Empire State Building - William Lamb, Shreve, Lamb & Harmon
  2 - The White House - Washington D.C. - James Hoban
  3 - Washington National Cathedral - Washington D.C.- George F. Bodley and Henry Vaughan, FAIA
  4 - Thomas Jefferson Memorial - Washington D.C. - John Russell Pope, FAIA
  5 - Golden Gate Bridge - San Francisco - Irving F. Morrow and Gertrude C. Morrow
  6 - U.S. Capitol - Washington D.C. - William Thornton, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Charles Bulfinch, Thomas U. Walter FAIA, Montgomery C. Meigs
  7 - Lincoln Memorial - Washington D.C. - Henry Bacon, FAIA
  8 - Biltmore Estate (Vanderbilt Residence) - Asheville, NC - Richard Morris Hunt, FAIA
  9 - Chrysler Building - NYC - William Van Alen, FAIA
10 - Vietnam Veterans Memorial - Washington D.C. - Maya Lin with Cooper
11 - St. Patrick’s Cathedral - NYC - James Renwick, FAIA
12 - Washington Monument - Washington D.C. - Robert Mills
13 - Grand Central Station - NYC - Reed and Stern; Warren and Wetmore
14 - The Gateway Arch - St. Louis - Eero Saarinen, FAIA
15 - Supreme Court of the United States - Washington D.C. - Cass Gilbert, FAIA
16 - St. Regis Hotel - NYC - Trowbridge & Livingston
17 - Metropolitan Museum of Art – NYC - Calvert Vaux, FAIA; McKim, Mead & White; Richard Morris Hunt, FAIA; Kevin Roche, FAIA; John Dinkeloo, FAIA
18 - Hotel Del Coronado - San Diego - James Reid, FAIA
19 - World Trade Center- NYC - Minoru Yamasaki, FAIA; Antonio Brittiochi; Emery Roth & Sons
20 - Brooklyn Bridge - NYC - John Augustus Roebling
21 - Philadelphia City Hall - Philadelphia - John McArthur Jr., FAIA
22 - Bellagio Hotel and Casino - Las Vegas - Deruyter Butler; Atlandia Design
23 - Cathedral of St. John the Divine - NYC Heins & La Farge; Ralph Adams Cram
24 - Philadelphia Museum of Art - Philadelphia - Horace Trumbauer, Zantzinger, Borie, and Medary
25 - Boston Trinity Church - Boston - Henry Hobson Richardson, FAIA
26 - Ahwahnee Hotel - Yosemite Valley, CA - Gilbert Stanley Underwood
27 - Monticello - Charlottesville, VA - Thomas Jefferson
28 - Library of Congress - Washington D.C. - John L. Smithmeyer, FAIA and Paul J. Pelz, FAIA
29 - Kaufmann Residence (Fallingwater) - Bear Run, PA - Frank Lloyd Wright
30 - Taliesin Spring Green, WI Frank Lloyd Wright
31 - Wrigley Field - Chicago - Chicago - Zachary Taylor Davis
32 - Wanamaker’s Department Store - Philadelphia - Daniel Burnham, FAIA
33 - Rose Center for Earth and Space - NYC - James Stewart Polshek, FAIA
34 - National Gallery of Art, West Building - Washington D.C.- John Russell Pope, FAIA
35 - Allegheny County Courthouse - Pittsburgh Henry Hobson Richardson, FAIA
36 - Old Faithful Inn - Yellowstone National Park, WY - Robert Reamer
37 - Union Station - Washington D.C. - Daniel Burnham, FAIA
38 - Tribune Tower - Chicago - Howells & Hood
39 - Delano Hotel - Miami Beach - Robert Swartburg; Philippe Starck (interior)
40 - Union Station - St. Louis - Theodore C. Link, FAIA
41 – Hearst Residence (Hearst Castle) - San Simeon, CA - Julia Morgan
42 - Willis Tower (Sears Tower) - Chicago - Bruce Graham, FAIA - Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
43 - Crane Library - Quincy, MA - Henry Hobson Richardson, FAIA
44 - Woolworth Building - NYC - Cass Gilbert, FAIA
45 – Cincinnati Union Terminal - Cincinnati - Alfred Fellheimer, FAIA and Stewart Wagner, FAIA; Paul Philippe Cret, consulting architect
46 - Waldorf Astoria - NYC -Schultze & Weaver
47 - New York Public Library - NYC Carrère & Hastings
48 - Carnegie Hall - NYC -William B. Tuthill, FAIA; Richard Morris Hunt, FAIA and Dankmar Adler, FAIA, consulting architects
49- San Francisco City Hall - San Francisco - Arthur Brown Jr., FAIA
50 - Virginia State Capitol - Richmond, VA - Thomas Jefferson
51 - Cadet Chapel, Air Force Academy - Colorado Springs, CO - Walter Netsch, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
52 - Field Museum of Natural History - Chicago - Charles B. Atwood, D. H. Burnham & Co.
53 - Apple Store Fifth Avenue - NYC - Bohlin Cywinski Jackson
54 - Fisher Fine Arts Library, University of Pennsylvania - Philadelphia - Frank Furness, FAIA
55 - Mauna Kea Beach Hotel - Kohala Coast, HI - Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
56 - Rockefeller Center - NYC Raymond Hood et al., FAIA
57 - Denver International Airport - Denver, CO - Fentress Bradburn Architects
58 - Ames Library - North Easton, MA - Henry Hobson Richardson, FAIA
59 - Milwaukee Art Museum - Milwaukee - Santiago Calatrava, FAIA
60 - Thorncrown Chapel - Eureka Springs, AK - E. Fay Jones, FAIA
61 - TransAmerica Pyramid - San Francisco - William Pereira, FAIA
62 - 333 Wacker Drive - Chicago - William E. Pedersen, FAIA, Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates
63 - National Museum of Air and Space - Washington D.C. - Gyo Obata, FAIA, Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum
64 - Faneuil Hall Marketplace - Boston - Benjamin Thompson, FAIA
65 - Crystal Cathedral - Garden Grove, CA - Philip Johnson, FAIA, Johnson/Burgee
66 - Gamble House - Pasadena, CA - Greene and Greene
67 - Nebraska State Capital - Lincoln, NE - Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue
68 - The New York Times Tower - NYC - Renzo Piano, Hon. FAIA
69 - Salt Lake City Public Library - Salt Lake City - Moshe Safdie, FAIA; VCBO Architecture Associates
70 - Dolphin and Swan Hotels, Walt Disney World - Orlando, FL - Michael Graves, FAIA
71 - Hearst Tower - NYC George P. Post & Sons; addition Foster + Partners
72 - Flatiron Building (Fuller Building) - NYC -Daniel Burnham, FAIA
73 - Lake Point Tower - Chicago Schipporeit
74 - Guggenheim Museum – NYC - Frank Lloyd Wright
75 - Union Station - Los Angeles - John Parkinson and Donald B. Parkinson
76 - Willard Hotel - Washington D.C. - Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, FAIA
77 - Sever Hall, Harvard University - Cambridge, MA - Henry Hobson Richardson, FAIA
78 - Broadmoor Hotel - Colorado Springs, CO - Warren & Wetmore
79 - Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center - Washington D.C. - Pei Cobb Freed & Partners
80 - Phillips Exeter Academy Library - Exeter, NH - Louis I. Kahn, FAIA
81 - The Plaza Hotel - NYC - Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, FAIA
82 - Sofitel Chicago Water Tower - Chicago - Jean
83 - Glessner House - Chicago - Henry Hobson Richardson, FAIA
84 - Yankee Stadium - NYC Osborn Architects & Engineers
85 - Harold Washington Library Center - Chicago - Hammond, Beeby & Babka
86 - Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts - NYC - Wallace K. Harrison, FAIA, director, board of architects
87 - The Dakota Apartments - NYC - Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, FAIA
88 - Art Institute of Chicago - Chicago - Shepley, Rutan & Coolidge
89 - Fairmont Hotel - San Francisco - Reid & Reid; Julia Morgan
90 – Boston Public Library - Boston McKim, Mead & White
91 - Hollywood Bowl - Hollywood - Lloyd Wright; Allied Architects; Frank Gehry; Hodgetts + Fung Design Associates with Gruen Associates
92 - Texas State Capitol - Austin - Elijah E. Myers
93 - Fontainebleau - Miami Beach - Morris Lapidus
94 - Legal Research Building, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, MI - York & Sawyer; Gunnar Birkerts (addition)
95 - J. Paul Getty Center for the Arts - Los Angeles - Richard Meier, FAIA
96 - High Museum – Atlanta - Richard Meier, FAIA
97 - Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse - Islip, NY - Richard Meier, FAIA
98 - Humana Building - Louisville, KY - Michael Graves, FAIA
99 - Walt Disney Concert Hall - Los Angeles - Frank Gehry, FAIA
100 - Radio City Music Hall - NYC - Edward Durell Stone, FAIA
101 - Paul Brown Stadium - Cincinnati - NBBJ
102 - United Airlines Terminal, O’Hare - Chicago - Helmut Jahn, FAIA, Murphy/Jahn
103 - Hyatt Regency Atlanta - Atlanta - John Portman, FAIA
104 - AT&T Park - (San Francisco - Giants Stadium) - San Francisco - Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum
105 - Time Warner Center - NYC - David Childs, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
106 - Washington D.C. Metro - Washington D.C. - Harry Weese, FAIA
107 - IDS Center - Minneapolis - Philip Johnson, FAIA, Johnson/Burgee
108 - Seattle Public Library - Seattle - Rem Koolhaas, Office for Metropolitan Architecture
109 - Museum of Modern Art - San Francisco - Mario Botta, Hon. FAIA
110 - Union Station - Chicago - Daniel Burnham, Graham, Anderson, Probst & White
111 - United Nations Headquarters - NYC -International Committee of Architects, Wallace K. Harrison, chairman; Oscar Niemeyer; Le Corbusier
112 - National Building Museum (Pension Building) - Washington D.C. - Montgomery C. Meigs
113 - Fenway Park - Boston - Osborn Architects & Engineers
114 - Dana Thomas House - Springfield, IL - Frank Lloyd Wright
115 - TWA Terminal, Kennedy Airport NYC Eero Saarinen, FAIA
116 - The Athenaeum - New Harmony, IN - Richard Meier, FAIA
117 - Walker Art Center - Minneapolis - Herzog & de Meuron
118 - American Airlines Center - Dallas - David M. Schwarz, FAIA; Architectural Services; HKS
119 - Arizona Biltmore Resort and Spa - Phoenix Albert - Chase McArthur
120 - Los Angeles Central Library - Los Angeles - Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue
121 - San Francisco International Airport - San Francisco - Skidmore, Owings & Merrill; Del Campo & Maru Architects; Michael Willis Architects
122 - Oriole Park at Camden Yards - Baltimore - Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum
123 - Taliesin West - Scottsdale, AZ - Frank Lloyd Wright
124 - United States Holocaust Memorial Museum = Washington D.C. - James Ingo Freed, FAIA, Pei Cobb Freed & Partners
125 - Citicorp Center - NYC - Hugh Stubbins & Associates; Emery Roth & Sons
126 - V. C. Morris Gift Shop (Xanadu Gallery) - San Francisco - Frank Lloyd Wright
127 - Union Station - Kansas City, MO - Jarvis Hunt
128 - Rookery Building - Chicago Burnham and Root
129 - Weisman Art Museum - Minneapolis - Frank Gehry, FAIA
130 - Douglas House - Harbor Springs, MI - Richard Meier, FAIA
131 - Hollyhock House - Los Angeles - Frank Lloyd Wright
132 - Pennzoil Place - Houston - Philip Johnson, FAIA; Johnson/Burgee
133 - Royalton Hotel - NYC - Philippe Starck
134 - Reliant Astrodome - Houston - Hermon Lloyd, FAIA & W. B. Morgan; Wilson, Morris, Crain and Anderson
135 - Safeco Field - Seattle - NBBJ
136 - Corning Museum of Glass - Corning, NY - Gunnar Birkerts, FAIA
137 - 30th Street Station - Philadelphia - Graham, Anderson, Probst & White
138 - Robie House - Chicago - Frank Lloyd Wright
139 - Williams Tower (Transco Tower) - Houston - Philip Johnson, FAIA, Johnson/Burgee
140 - Stahl House (Case Study House #22) - Los Angeles - Pierre Koenig
141 - Apple SoHo - NYC - Bohlin Cywinski Jackson
142 - John Hancock Towers - Boston Henry Cobb, FAIA, Pei Cobb Freed
143 - Pennsylvania Station - NYC - McKim, Mead & White
144 - Hyatt Regency - San Francisco - John Portman, FAIA
145 - Carson Pirie Scott - Chicago - Louis Sullivan, FAIA
146 - Museum of Modern Art - NYC - Philip Goodwin, FAIA and Edward Durell Stone, FAIA
147 - Auditorium Building - Chicago - Adler & Sullivan (Louis Sullivan, FAIA)
148 - Brown Palace Hotel - Denver, CO - Frank E. Edbrooke
149 - Ingalls Ice Arena, Yale University - New Haven, CT - Eero Saarinen, FAIA
150 - Battle Hall, University of Texas - Austin - Cass Gilbert, FAIA



AMERICA'S FAVORITE ARCHITECTURE
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References / Referencias


The Urban Towers Handbook
John Wiley&Sons, London, 2011
by Eric Firley and Julie Gimbal
English

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