The 10 (historic) structures world's highest

* Category to link to another page


List of historic structures highest in the world (without antennas). The works are arranged chronologically in time:

Name / City / Country / Meters / Year

 0. The Kingdom Tower, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (+1.000 m.) 2017
 1. Burj Khalifa, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (828 m.) 2010
 2. CN Tower, Toronto, Ontario, Canadá (553.3 m.) 1976
 3. Sears Tower (Willis Tower), Chicago, USA (452 m.) 1974
 4. One World Trade Center, New York City, USA (417 m.) 1973
 5. Empire State Building, New York City, USA, (381 m.) 1931
 6. Chrysler Building, New York City, USA, (319 m.) 1930
 7. Tour Eiffel, París, Francia (300 m.) 1889
 8. Whashington Monument, Whashington D.C., USA (169 m.) 1885
 9. St Paul's Cathedral, London, England, UK (149 m.) 1710
10. Great Pyramid of Giza, El Cairo, Egypt (146.60 m.) 2600 b.C.-2500 b.C.

I am very pleased to introduce a very important real world first list that includes the world's tallest structures created by man throughout history, hence its importance. To develop this outstanding list I considered the height of the different architectural constructions that have emerged over time but without antennas. You know it's been a very interesting work and research, which eventually led me not as long as expected, mainly because I had documented on most of the works, curiously, had been published in this blog 10 11 works listed in this important list, I'm sure more than one / to him will be very interesting and of great interest.

Bear in mind that the Kingdom Tower (Tower of the Kingdom), appearing in the first place and overcome the barrier of 1 kilometer high, is being built today in the city of Jeddah in Saudi Arabia, so until 2017, the year in which foresees its inauguration, it could be included in this list officially. This major mixed-use building will become not only the world's tallest skyscraper when construction is complete in 2017 as a symbol of wealth and power, but also will become the tallest structure in the world created by man along in history, and its height is kept secret to avoid being overtaken as occurred during the construction of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, works by American architect Adrian Smith.

The old building world's highest known to man corresponds to the Great Pyramid of Gizeh, which was built according to Herodotus for 20 years in a period between 2600 BC-2500 centuries BC on the Giza Plateau, about 20 miles southwest of Cairo, Egypt. Monument sacred and undeniable symbolic value, is quite a milestone for the era in which it was built. This important monument, which was built by the Pharaoh Cheops, Khufu-called in-ancient Egyptian language, thus became his burial tomb. The monumental work of 146.60 meters high and 230 meters wide at its base, has been named Honorary Wonder as the only ancient wonder that still remains, to get an idea of ​​the enormity that has the Great Pyramid of Cheops we would have to go almost 1 kilometer for a spin around.

It is really surprising that got up the Great Pyramid of Giza, was retained as much as up to the year 1710 AD, the date that corresponds to the completion of the restoration of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, which was under the leadership of the great architect Christopher Wren; such rehabilitation, was developed between 1676 and 1710. Its massive dome, inspired by the Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome, designed by Michelangelo Buonarroti, reached the 149 meters, entering thus also in history, becoming the world's tallest building until that time; I would like to point out that I preferred to reflect the date of completion of rehabilitation designed by Wren, as the Cathedral, which was finished in 1561, suffered a fire in 1666 sad that almost completely deteriorated.

Already in 1885 he opened the Washington Monument splendid, a beautiful white monolith built by pieces of marble and granite of 169 meters, which paid tribute to the First President of the United States George Whashington America (1732-1799), who revolutionary leader had won the war the British Army for the Independence of the country. The beautiful work, set in a huge open Memorial with a rectangular sheet of water toward the Lincoln Memorial located in Washington DC, was designed by architect Robert Mills. This important monument, therefore entered into the annals of history, preserve this important record for four years until 1889, when it was opened the Eiffel Tower in Paris, which was in turn a gateway to the important Exhibition . The beautiful monument of the city of Paris, 300 meters high, without the antenna, dating from the Second Industrial Revolution and was improved by architect Stephen Sauvestre by beautiful Art Nouveau motifs.

Years later, at the end of the first third of the twentieth century-in the race to build the world's tallest skyscraper, the Chrysler Building in New York managed to beat all records reaching 319 meters high architectural, becoming not only the tallest skyscraper in the world, but also the tallest structure in the world created by man to date. However, this record was to last only 11 months, and that was the time it took to conclude the Empire State Building in the same city, with 381 meters without the antenna, it is very important to note that this important record set by The Empire State was retained for no less than 42 years, until he was inaugurated the towers of the World Trade Center in the same city in 1973. Only a year later, in 1974, the Sears Tower in Chicago, designed by SOM, the exceeded with 25 meters higher, reaching 442 meters in height architecture.

Two years later, in 1976, in the city of Toronto, Canada, was completed the CN Tower (Canadian National Tower), which at 553.3 meters high, without the antenna and to play an important role in telecommunications, managed become not only the tallest structure in the West (a record that still holds today), but also achieved the title of self-supporting structure of the world's tallest until it was surpassed in 2007 by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai . This important building located in the UAE and opened in 2010, with its architectural height 828 meters, is currently the world's tallest skyscraper and the tallest structure in the world created by man. The CTBUH Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat gave the Burj Khalifa in Dubai CTBUH Global Icon prestigious award in 2010, which is awarded only every 10 or 15 years, when it deserves an exceptional building.

List of the 10 historic structures highest in the world:

Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai)
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
828 meters (2010)

Client: Emaar Properties
Arcuitect: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, SOM
Structural Engineer: Bill Baker (SOM)
Official name: Burj Khalifa
Alternative name: Burj Dubai
Type: Skyscraper ( Megatall ) + 600 meters
Height: 828 meters (2717 feet)
Structure: concrete and steel superstructure
Area: 464,511 sq. m
Use: Mixed (Offices, Residential, Hotel, Mirador Observer)
Floors: 163
Typology: Hybrid Architecture
Architectural Style: Modern, High-tech

CN Tower
Toronto, Ontario, Canadá
553.3 meters (1976)

Promotor: Canadian National Railway
Architect: John Andrews International & WZMH Architects
Structural Engineer: Nicolet Carrier Dressel Associates
Architectural Height: 553.3 meters
Tower Type: Telecommunications
Budget: $CDN 63 Million
Lifts: 9
Structural Material: Concrete
Use: Mixed, Communications Radio and TV
Mirador Restaurant and Observation
Weight: 117,910 tons
Type: Hybrid Architecture

Sears Tower (Willis Tower)
Chicago, Illinois, USA
442 meters (1974)

Client: Sears Roebuck & Co
Architect: Bruce Graham, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, SOM
Structural Engineer: Fazlur Khan, SOM Engineering
Category: Skyscraper (Super-Tall) +300 meters
Height: 442 meters
Floors: 108
Use: Mixed, Offices, balcony
observation (Skydeck) and Restaurant
Area: 416,000 m sq.
Street Adress: 233 South Wacker Drive
Previous name: Sears Tower
Style Architectural: International Style

One World Trade Center
Manhattan, New York, USA
417 meters (1973)

Client: Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Architect: Minoru Yamasaki & Associates, Emery Roth & Sons
Structural Engineer: Leslie E. Robertson
Area: 387,744 m²
Budget: $1.5 Billion
Architectural Height: 417 and 415 meters
Antenna Height: 526.7 meter
Structure: Steel
Status: Demolished
Primary Use: Office
Plants: 110
Lifts: 99
Type: Hybrid Architecture
Architectural Style: International Style

Empire State Building
Manhattan, New York City
381 meters (1931)

Promotor: General Motors Architect: Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates
Structural Engineer: Homer G. Balcom
Categorie: Skyscraper (Super-Tall) + 300 meters
Architectural Height: 381 meters
Antenna height: 449 meters
Floors: 102
Area: Superficie: 208,879 m² / 2,248,355 ft²
Use: Offices and viewpoint of observation
Architectural Style: Art Deco

Chrysler Building
Manhattan, New York City, USA
319 meters (1930)

Promoter: Chrysler Corporation
Architect: William van Alen
Structural Engineer: Ralph Squire and Sons
Categorie: Skyscraper (Super-Tall) + 300 meters
Height: 319 meters / 1046 ft.
Plants: 77
Elevator: 32
Use: Offices and viewpoint of observation
Architectural Style: Art Deco

Eiffel Tower
Champ de Mars, Paris, France
300 meters (1889)

Client: Local Authorities and Gustave Eiffel
Engineering Study: Eiffel & Co
Structural Engineer: Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier
Architect: Stephen Sauvestre
Antenna Height: 324 meters
Height without antenna: 300 meters
Weight: 720,000 tons
Material: Wrought Iron
Type: Monument
Architectural Style: Second Industrial Revolution and Art Nouveau

Whashington Monument
Whashington D.C., USA
169 meters (1885)

Promotor: American People
Architect: Robert Mills
Height: 169 Meters
Material: Marble, granite and sandstone
Width at base: 16.80 meters
Wall thickness start: 4.60 meters
Number of steps to the top: 897
Elevator installed between 1998 and 2001
Total weight: 82,421 tons
Budget: $ 1,187,710
Monument type: Obelisk,
Memorial, National Monument

St Paul's Cathedral
London, England, UK
149 meters (1710)

Promoter: Local People
Architect: Christopher Wren
Total height: 149 meters
Dome Diameter: 30 meters (2nd largest in the world)
Fire: 1666
Rehabilitation by Wren: 1676-1710
Inspiration: Dome of St. Peter's Basilica
Architectural Style: Baroque
Type: Religious Architecture

Great Pyramid of Giza
Giza, El Cairo, Egypt
146.6 meters (2600 a.C.-2500 a.C.)

Promoter: Pharaoh Khufu
Architect: Hemiunu and other
Name: Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu Pharaoh's Tomb)
Alternative Name: Great Pyramid of Giza
Location: Giza, Cairo, Egypt
Length of each side at its base: 230 meters
Height: 146.60 meters
Material: Approx. 2.3 million limestone blocks
Weight of each independent block: 2 to 60 tons
Coating in the time of Pharaoh:
25,000 polished limestone blocks
Volume: 2.6 million m³
Construction period: between 2600 BC-2500 BC
Duration of the work according to Herodotus: 20 years
Architectural Style: Architecture funeral

Home  Geography  Architects   Engineers  Skyscrapers  Bridges  Buildings Towers  Publications  Last Photographics Works  About me

Copyright © José Miguel Hernández Hernández
Editor, Escritor y Fotógrafo de Arquitectura /
Publisher, Writer and Architectural Photographer